Osteopathy: the origins
Osteopathy is a philosophy, a manual art and a medical science that bases its holistic principles on the physics, chemistry, biology and biomechanics of the human and animal body.
It offers its therapeutic contribution in every pathological condition, in the name of the natural laws and of the vital forces that govern life.
Its founder, Dr. A.T. Still, he lived in the late nineteenth century in Missouri (USA) when he was struck by the sudden death of his wife and children, due to a serious infectious disease.
Following the misfortune, he lived in retreat for many years with the Shawnee Indians, where he learned their medical art and healing powers.
There are many testimonies of those who saw Still apply its techniques and “miraculously” heal people afflicted for months by serious infectious diseases, or years from cancer conditions.
His students report that he never seemed to repeat the same technique, but he taught to listen to the body with “thinking fingers and a listening mind”.
After the foundation of the profession in 1874, Osteopathy arrived in Europe at the beginning of the twentieth century, thanks to Dr. J. Littleittlehn.
In just over a hundred years, Osteopathy has developed into a legally recognized medical science (in Britain, the United States, Australia, New Zealand) and successfully practiced worldwide.
The principles of osteopathy
Osteopathic science firmly believes that:
every single component of the body is an integral part of the body unit and vice versa, coming to the conclusion that by treating the “everything” it is the individual parts that compose it and vice versa
the body is endowed with an “intrinsic wisdom” expressed through homeostatic self-regulation mechanisms and natural self-healing powers
.structure and function are intimately related
the role of the artery, blood supply and venous return, both of supreme importance
The goals of osteopathy
Osteopathic treatment encourages and supports the homeostatic principles of the body and its natural balance. In these terms, the osteopathic intervention finds a plan of application without limits, as unlimited is the “intrinsic wisdom” to the human body.
The osteopath ignores what is a protocol of intervention for each pathology, since every intervention is based on the psycho-physical uniqueness of the patient at the precise instant of the consultation, rather than on the pathological definition in which the patient is often imprisoned and reduced.
Whatever the abnormal condition from which the body is afflicted, the osteopathic objective aims to:
re-establish mobility (articular) or motility (fascial, visceral, craniosacral …) where they have been compromised improve blood supply and venous and lymphatic return to optimize oxygenation and cellular nutrition normalize the interaction of the central and peripheral nervous system with the immune, endocrine and musculoskeletal systems balance and coordinate the diaphragm system and its rhythm osteopathy-dogOther osteopathy methods
In order to achieve the totality of its objectives, osteopathic surgery uses countless therapeutic tools exclusively manual, or methods of application:
Structural (which includes articulatory and manipulative techniques)
Functional (applicable on soft tissues and joints)
Cranial (which acts on a biological rhythm, craniosacral precisely, of well-defined identity, manually perceptible, which involves the central nervous system, the cerebral-spinal fluid, the meninges, the cranial bones and the sacrum)
Fasciale (which is based on listening and correction of tensions existing in superficial and / or deep my-fascia tissues),
Visceral (which uses specific techniques for the correction of osteopathic lesions throughout the gastro-intestinal, endocrine and genito-urinary tract)
Muscular (which normalizes asymmetries of muscle tones, using specific neuro-muscular reflexes).
osteopathy-pogonaI Fields of intervention of osteopathy
The application of osteopathy in the animal world is extremely vast as it is in humans.
It potentially extends over every species and animal race, from mammals to amphibians, facing infectious, rheumatological, orthopedic, traumatic, post-surgical conditions, and many others, proposing the harmonization of different aspects.
Among these, the most evident is the search for the postural symmetry of quadrupeds and the distribution of gravity forces, which act on individual body districts in a very different way than in humans.
Another important aspect is to ensure that the arterio-venous circulation always and well reaches all the places of the organism.
This goal will help prevent muscle contractures, stiffenings, early arthrosis, gastro-enteric, uro-genital and central nervous system disorders.
Not to be overlooked is the psycho-affective sphere of the animal, both in relation to its conspecifics and in relation to man.
This context is very much reflected on the integrity and balance of the neurovegetative system with possible consequences in the medium and long term on the hormonal and circulatory system.
Anhe the food sector can not be ignored, considering that some diseases of the digestive system are strictly connected, therefore requiring an accurate investigation.
In Osteopathy, each species, race and animal in its uniqueness are treated according to specific needs, demands and bodily preferences. In spite of their size, for example, horses are animals that are generally very sensitive to sweet and deep fascial work, both respecting the musculoskeletal system, the viscera and the central and peripheral nervous system.
In the world of horses then, often relatively simple diseases are neglected or treated roughly, unless you talk about horses of high quality.
The osteopath can therefore give back hope to animals that otherwise would have great chances to end up killed, since the logic that supervises the life or death of these creatures is often inextricably linked to an economic advantage.